Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India. He was the one who laid the foundation of modern India after independence. He took over the most important position in the country when it was the most needed. He has sailed the country through many difficult situation by some of his wise decision but there are some decision that India is regretting and will do it for long.
Just before some hours left for India to celebrate its Independence Day, we bring you the five biggest mistakes of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru that India still is bearing the brunt of.
The Kashmir accession (1947)
When India was ruled by Britain, there were some states directly under British control, while some were princely states which were allowed to be autonomous till they paid taxes to the British. During partition, the British prepared the Instrument of Accession and gave a choice to these princely states to join the dominion of their choice, either India or Pakistan. Kashmir had a majority Muslim population, ruled by Hari Singh. The British wanted Hari Singh to accede to Pakistan but the Raja wanted to remain independent.
Meanwhile, there were tribal invasions to Kashmir from Pakistan and the Raja decided to sign the Instrument of Accesion in favour India. But Louis Mountbatten, added an additional sentence in the Instrument of Accesion particularly for Kashmir, which now said that people of Kashmir will in future decide whether to choose India, or Pakistan.
By this time, Kashmir was already occupied by Invading tribals. India fought back the tribals and chased the Pathans as far as upto Muzaffarbad. India should have used the legality of Instrument of Accession to fight for Kashmir. Instead, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru prematurely promised the UN that a referendum will be held in which Kashmiris can vote and decide their future. It was one of the major mistake committed in independent India which is still the major bone of contention between India and Pakistan.
Linguistic division of India
Nehru was not responsible for the linguistic division but unfortunately it happened under his regimen. Potti Sreeramulu had taken to hunger strike demanding a separate state for telugu-speaking population. Rajendra Prasad and Vallabhbhai Patel had warned Nehru of the implication of division on the basis of language, but Sreeramulu’s death led Nehru to declare the formation of Andhra Pradesh. What followed is confusion and hatred for other linguistic groups.